Thursday, June 11, 2020

Impact Of Air Pollution In China - Free Essay Example

Ever since Deng Xiaopings Reform and Opening Up policy, which emphasized on rapid industrialization and decentralization, China experienced an economic miracle, ranking 2nd in GDP in the world and lifting millions out of poverty. However, this GDP-above-all rationale which radically improved Chinas economy has dealt a huge blow to the environment. For instance, the heavy exploitation of land and natural resources, as well as the reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation are one of the few sources contributing to Chinas environmental destruction. Since the scope of environmental pollution is too large for practical concerns, I shall only be evaluating the impact of air pollution on Chinas development in this essay, as air pollution is one of the most dangerous and controversial type of pollution occurring nowadays in China. Owing to the combustion of coal and malpractices of the heavy industry, air pollution has been ever worsening in China ever since the Reform and Opening Up, however it seems to have worsened drastically for the past decade. For example, smog, a weather phenomenon involving a dense layer of dust suspended in air (mainly PM2.5 and SO2), is bringing disastrous effects to many eastern cities in China, and the problem was brought to light when even the capital, Beijing, succumbed to the heavy smog. According to lecture readings, a mere 22/522 cities in China have good air quality with 55 having seriously unacceptable air quality . Air pollution problem in China has caused various negative impacts to health, economic development and social development. Firstly, in terms of health implications, severe air pollution has led to deterioration in general health and thus an increased burden on Chinas public health system. In fact, air pollution has caused 1.58 million deaths in China in 2016 alone , coming second in the world after India. Air pollution is now the 4th most common cause of death in the world, with 6.1 million deaths in 2016 attributed to air pollution, since it causes serious illnesses like cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Polluted air contains substances such as sulphur dioxide and PM 2.5 suspended particulates, accumulate in the respiratory tract or enter the bloodstream, either as an irritant inducing heart and lung diseases, or even as a carcinogen to induce cancer, resulting in death or affecting child development due to prolonged exposure. Air pollution has also cast doubts on Chinas public health system. According to the World Bank, the health expenditure resulted from air pollution accounted for 2% of Chinas GDP, mainly because of increased usage of emergency visits in acute cardiopulmonary conditions, which is on the rise partly due to air pollution (as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, obesity, etc) . This expenditure is projected to rise as more and more people gradually become sick, forcing the government to allocate more resources into public healthcare. Should China fail to reduce pollution and prevent air pollution-associated illnesses, a huge sum would have to be paid to address public health problems in curing the population. From the viewpoint of economics, the Reform and Opening Up brought benefits to both the urban and rural communities. Ironically, it has brought drawbacks to both by sacrificing the environment in favor of rapid economic growth. Firstly, in urban cities, the worsening air pollution has led to a reduction in foreign interest in investing in China and incentive to set up branches in China, as well as unwillingness of overseas staff, especially experts and senior executive staff, to come to China for work. With persistent smog, the poor living standards (as aforementioned the possible adverse health effects of smog) and work environment has deterred businesses to set up branches in China. For example, in a survey conducted by the American Chamber of Commerce, which covered various businesses in eastern and northern part of China, Almost one-third of the companies said they had no plans to expand investments in China in the coming year (2016), up from 27 percent last year and 16 percent in 2013, and more than half of the respondents said pollution made it more difficult to recruit senior executives to work in China, raising concerns over air quality turning away expertise, professionals and executives away from working in China . Secondly, tourism is also affected by air pollution. In the past decade, China has begun developing its tourism industry. As a result, tourism related profits, including retail, service and hotel industries, begins to contribute more and more to Chinas total GDP. However, with the severe smog, foreigners will be deterred from visiting China, partly because of health issues, and partly because of the diminished attractiveness of natural scenic spots, which used to be a main feature of Chinas tourism, thus undoubtedly reducing Chinas income from tourism. In fact, 6 out of 8 Chinese cities including Beijing which made it into the Top 100 City Destination Rankings by Euromonitor International, experienced a drop in tourist arrival from 2012 to 2013, which correlated with the notorious reports of heavy smog during the time. With more traditional and social media from both China and beyond such as documentaries and news, China is more often put under the international spotlight than before , and the actual air pollution problem can be easily depicted and shown to foreign tourists, hence lowering their desire to come to China fearing for their health, not only leading to a reduced number of tourists but also a significant decrease in national income from tourism and related industries. Thirdly, agriculture in China is also affected by air pollution. Being one of the largest agricultural economies in the world, China has a history of ? »Ã‚ «Ã¢â‚¬ ¹Ã¢â‚¬ ¹, or to establish the country by agriculture, and currently produces 1/5 of the worlds grain and 1/2 of worlds vegetables . However, air pollution affects farming in two ways. Firstly, air pollutants like sulphur dioxide or ozone directly contaminate water sources or soil, thus affecting the crops. Secondly, the presence of suspended particulates blocks out sunlight, resulting in lowered photosynthesis rates and hence yield less crops. For example, Hunan, being a major province of rice production, is suffering from decreased crop yield these years . The severe air pollution also affects the farmers health and thus productivity, as they often work outdoors, inhaling a lot of pollutants over time, and thus prone to the aforementioned health risks. As we can see, despite economic gains from the Reform and Opening Up, the economy in both urban and rural areas are suffering from air pollution, which suggests the scope and severity of air pollution on Chinas economic growth. In the social aspects, air pollution has stirred civil unrest and general dissatisfaction towards the alleged industries and government responsible for air pollution. This originates from the inability of the civil society or media to observe or regulate malpractices, due to the lack of transparency and participation of civil society or media in Chinas government policies and industries, especially in the past. Over the years, a lot of mistrust is built up in the population, some of which resorting to unorthodox or illegal methods to voice their opinions towards malpractice. For example, a complaint of bad odor and leakage from a chemical factory in Fujian has escalated into riots and violent clashes with the factory staff and the police who were sent for a c rackdown, of which many were arrested, and several staff were badly beaten . Had there been effective, legal measures for locals to complain, and officials to address this problem, violence could have been avoided. In conclusion, air pollution has dealt severe blows to Chinas urban and rural economy, citizen health, and social stability. Chinas environmental protection minister, Zhou ShengXian, admitted that Environmental quality is not satisfactory and environmental protection work is arduous, on the Peoples Daily. The government must act swiftly to enforce strict environmental regulations; the industries ought to establish better corporate social responsibility to reduce their malpractices; and the civil society ought to voice out concerns more in order to pressurize the local government or industry. It is only through combined efforts and decisiveness of the Chinese Government, which is still a massive influence in Chinas policy-making and development, can air pollution be alleviated.

Monday, June 1, 2020

The Gift of the Ribbono Shel Olom - Literature Essay Samples

In Chaim Potok’s novel My Name is Asher Lev, Asher struggles with self-identity and going against tradition, which ultimately leads him to question whether his gift of art comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom or the sitra achra. Asher’s gift comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom for three main reasons: all gifts come from the Ribbono Shel Olom, conflicts between following tradition and striving for individuality leads to the distortion of the truth, and his gift is the Ribbono Shel Olom’s will. Although one may seem to think that Asher’s gift comes from the sitra achra, the themes of irony and blindness reveal deeper concepts which confirm the fact that Asher’s gift comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom. In a meeting with Asher regarding his career in art, the Rebbe says, â€Å"Certain things are given, and it is for man to bring goodness into the world. The Master of the Universe gives us glimpses, only glimpses. It is for us to open our eyes wide.† Simply put, gifts and talents come from the Ribbono Shel Olom. In addition, it is in our calling to bring forth these gifts and utilize them to bring goodness into the world. This is what Asher is doing; bringing goodness into the world by revealing the truth through his art. Then again, the truth is not pretty and can end up hurting others, but, as a matter of fact, the world is not pretty. Asher is simply painting truth and reality in order to bring peace and balance into the world. Furthermore, when the Rebbe meets with Asher later in his life to discuss him moving out of the community, he says, â€Å"I do not hold with those who believe that all painting and sculpture is from the sitra achra. I believe such gifts are from the Master of the Universe. But they have to be used wisely, Asher.† In this quotation, wisely is the key word. As long as Asher is using his gift for good, he is not doing the work of the sitra achra. However, even if he does commit a sin with his gift, it is still not correct to say that his gift originates from the sitra achra; his gift originates from the Ribbono Shel Olom. The conflict between following tradition and striving for individuality is a major theme throughout the book, and it is shown that it leads to the distortion of the truth that Asher’s gift comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom. The main character who distorts this image is Asher’s father, who says, â€Å"Asher, if you had a choice between aesthetic blindness and moral blindness, which would you choose?† It is important to realize that Asher’s father does not, and will not, try to understand Asher’s gift. Because he is fixed upon the belief that art leads to work for the sitra achra, he wants Asher to choose aesthetic blindness because it will make others happy. For this reason, Asher’s father cannot see art superficially, nor does he understand Asher’s motives, which leads him to the misinterpretation that the gift is from the sitra achra. Ultimately, Asher’s view of his own gift is distorted by his father’s blindness and lack of understanding as he emphasizes in the quotation, â€Å"It is the Other Side, I told myself. It is the Other Side. But I can’t help it.† Considering the given facts, it is safe to say that because of his father’s blindness, Asher’s gift from the Ribbono Shel Olom is misinterpreted as work of the sitra achra. The final argument that proves that Asher’s gift comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom is the fact that it is simply His will. For example, Asher’s father tells him, â€Å"The Ribbono Shel Olom gave every man a will. Every man is responsible for what he does, because he has a will and by that will he directs his life.† This quotation is almost ironic due to the fact that Asher is doing exactly what his father is telling him with his art, but his father has not accepted it. In other words, his father is trying to have Asher understand the concept that the Ribbono Shel Olom gives every man a will in which he is to direct his life with, but what he does not realize is that the answer is right under his nose: Asher’s will is to pursue art, whether or not it brings happiness, pain, or resentment, that is the whole idea of the novel itself. To emphasize, Asher reads a passage from the book of Deuteronomy which says, â€Å"But the thing is very near to you, in your m outh and in your heart, that you may do it.† This passage is a parallel to Asher’s gift because it illustrates the concept that his gift is for him to take and accept, for it is God’s will to do so, and upon that will, he shall lead his life in order to bring peace and balance into the world. Given these three points, it can be concluded that Asher’s gift comes from the Ribbono Shel Olom because all gifts originate from the Ribbono Shel Olom regardless of sin, the conflict between following tradition and striving for individuality lead to misinterpretations of the truth, and it is clearly the Ribbono Shel Olom’s will that Asher pursue art to bring balance into the world. Asher’s internal struggle with finding his identity and learning to accept that his art will hurt and confuse others does not deter him from the fact that he must continue his journey of becoming a great artist with gifts given to him from the Ribbono Shel Olom; one who paints the anguish of all the world in order to give balance to the universe and his conscience.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Procrastination Of 10 Grade Students - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1010 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/06/10 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Tags: Procrastination Essay Did you like this example? PROBLEM AND SETTINGS 1.1 Rationale Students spend most of their time in school almost every day. Multiple tasks and activities are to be accomplished on a varied set time. These factors play a huge role when it comes to the students overall academic performance. Yet oftentimes, for some reasons there are either finished late or not accomplished at all. One of the reasons is procrastination. According to the Merriam-Websterrs Dictionary, to procrastinate means to put off habitually doing something that should be done. Procrastination has been experienced by people ever since for everyone delays work for later sometimes. It generally reflects perennial struggles with self-control as well as the general human inability to accurately predict how well feel tomorrow or the day after. All of us put things off some time or another and researchers have claimed that the problem can be particularly pronounced among students. Between 80 and 95 percent of college students procrastinate on their school work according to the American Psychological Association. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Procrastination Of 10 Grade Students" essay for you Create order This study will evaluate the causes and effects of procrastination particularly on Divine Life Institute of Ceburs Grade 10 students. This is based on the claim that one often major concern amongst Grade 10 students are facing is procrastination. From this specific group of students, the researchers will determine their state and condition with the given task and activities: how they handle their productivity and time management, and the students academic performance will be analyzed as well. To further elaborate the description of procrastination, the study will utilize Pier Steelrs concept of procrastination. Piers Steel is a distinguished research chair at the University of Calgary, where he teaches human resources and organizational dynamics at the Haskayne School of Business. Pierrs idea about procrastination will contribute as a support to this studies objective of determination the underlying reason of procrastination among students. This study uses the qualitative method to acquire better understanding of the meaning and description of procrastination. The researchers will conduct an interview to the selected grade 10 students that are chosen randomly to avoid possible bias and obtain variety of data. These data will then be interpreted and reviewed while bringing the researchers own perspectives to its meaning and construct the utilized concept in its analysis. This is particularly the ideal approach in studying educational problems to develop analysis of data to be grasped. 1.2 Statement of the Problem This study seeks to analyze procrastination amongst grade 10 students academic performance of the Divine Life Institute of Cebu, Inc. Using Piers Steelrs concept of procrastination as well as to specifically find the answers to the questions: What is procrastination? What is the concept of Piers Steelrs law? How visible is procrastination affect the students academic performance? What are the causes and effects of procrastination on DLICrs grade 10 students? How does procrastination affect the students academic performance? 1.3 Significance of the Study This study aims to establish a contribution of the result that will benefit the following: STUDENTS The studyrs result will provide a better understanding and its implications to the students. The topic is mainly directed towards the students to be able to acquire learningrs gathered from this study that may be applied in real life situations regarding procrastination and academic performance. TEACHERS Teachers benefit from the findings of this study in a way that they are the ones who handle the assessment of students academic performance. This study provides information that may help teachers perception and management about the procrastination among their students whether considering academic performance or just merely focusing on the responsibility of shaping students progress and improvement as a whole. PARENTS The presented date will help the parents conceive advices that may help their children when it comes to procrastination. The findings will also help them assess and learn about their children to be able to improve their responsibility. FUTURE RESEARCHERS The information and data gathered in this study may be used as guide and a reference for the future researchers in this field. The study will provide elaboration and findings about the topic that future researchers may read to possess a background knowledge about a related subject. 1.4 Scope and Delimitation SCOPE This study is conducted to acquire more knowledge and comprehension of procrastination among students considering academic performance. The information and data presented will cover an elaboration and interpretation of the findings about procrastination. Subject about time management that is highly related to the studyrs topic will also be utilized in this study. This study will tackle about the causes and effects of procrastination on students academic performance with Pier Steelrs concept of procrastination. DELIMITATION This study will not cover the state of the world when it comes to procrastination and time management. The information and data about procrastination of DLICrs grade 10 students considering their academic performance. Broader topics such as procrastination in society and the world will not be included. 1.5 Definition of Terms Procrastination Procrastination is the act or habit of procrastinating. It is the action of delaying or postponing especially something requiring immediate attention. The study mainly focuses on this term and its definition and will be interpreted to acquire better understanding about its causes and effects. Time Management Time management is the ability to use oners time effectively or productively especially at work. Cramming The term cramming is used when one delays something and attempting to learn and accomplish the particular task in a short period of time. It means to force a lot things into a small space. Academic Performance Academic achievement is another term for academic performance. It is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long term educational goals. The term will be assessed and considered throughout analyzing the causes and effects of procrastination to it. 1.6 Research Methodology The researchers conducted the study by utilizing Piers Steelrs concept of procrastination and gathering data from an interview that is conducted to the grade 10 students to construct meaning from the findings. The study uses the qualitative method that for which approaches the research through interpreting the collected data to obtain meaning and answers to the problem.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Grace Hospice Of Texas Provides Quality Professional Care

Grace Hospice mission statement is Grace Hospice of Texas provides quality professional care and compassionate support for terminally ill patients and their families with his grace. (Introduction to Hospice Care 2) (National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, 2015) Grace Hospice basic service provide end of life care and understanding of death as a natural process of life, and Grace Hospice offer palliative and comfort care; meanwhile Grace Hospice assist the family in caring for their loved one at home through an interdisciplinary team of professionals. Grace Hospice is a public organization. (Introduction to Hospice Care 2) (National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, 2015) Hospice originated in Great Britain back in 60’s by Dame Cicely Saunders, who felt the need for palliative cure for diagnosed with terminal illness. In 1892, hospice became funded through Medicare Benefit Program after many years of lobbying for funding was established. (Introduction to Hospice Care 2) (National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, 2015) Grace Hospice agency mission supported social works values by importance of human relationships. Social workers use human relationship to promote change in individuals, families, groups, and communities. An example, is if we discussed an issue with a family member we also involved the patients to make sure the patient knew what we saying about them.(Social Work and Social Welfare 15) Grace Hospice ethical codes provide 1) respect forShow MoreRelatedManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 Pagesincreasing complexity in business action and decision making. It has presented chief executive officers (CEOs) and management leaders in all markets and industries with new intricacies in deciding how to weigh and time the business decisions—and the quality of those decisions—that increasingly challenge their companies’ basic survival. W HICH FACTORS HAVE DRIVEN 3 4 Feigenbaum−Feigenbaum: The Power of Management Capitol 1. New Management for Business Growth in a Demanding Economy

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay - 1853 Words

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) affects the human wellbeing by attacking the body’s immune system which is the natural defense system in the human body to resist infections. When the immune system is compromised, the body becomes less capable of fighting diseases, allowing the body to become more susceptible to infections. Different from other viruses that the body can get rid of, HIV will remain in the body for life (Wright and Carnes, 2016). HIV works by attacking the CD4 cells, which assist the immune system to resist infections. If not treated the virus decreases the number of T-cells in the body, thus making the person’s immune system highly prone to infections or infection-related cancers (Wright and Carnes, 2016). After the body’s immunity is depleted, therefore allowing opportunistic infections increase in the body, reaching the final HIV stage known as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is rapidly approaching (Wright and Carnes, 2016). Identification and Pathology The Human Immunodeficiency Virus develops in stages, there are three established stages in total. The stages of HIV infections include the Acute HIV infection, followed by the Clinical Latency phase, eventually the last stage, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), is reached. The Acute stage exists between 2-4 weeks after HIV infection when trivial infection symptoms like fever, are symptomatic in some patients. After the Acute stage, the virus develops into the second stage knownShow MoreRelatedHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1359 Words   |  6 PagesThis paper explores the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The virus has infected two million adults and children by the year 2005 already. The virus continues to race around the world, and new HIV infections are at 50,000 per year (Martine Peeters, Matthieu Jung, Ahidjo Ayouba) (2013). 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The patient should not feel as if the disease or virus defines the overall character of the patient. Standards precautions are still the same when treating all patients with or without a compromisingRead MoreHiv And Human Immunodeficiency Virus1205 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is HIV? HIV is a fatal disease which stands for â€Å"Human Immunodeficiency Virus† it is a failure to the immune system to protect the body from any infections. This virus causes a condition called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. When HIV is left untreated it leads to another disease called â€Å"AIDS†. It can occur in any age, race, sex or sexual orientation. The highest risk of contracting HIV is having unprotected sex and sharing needles with others. Another factor are people that have STI’s andRead MoreThe Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )980 Words   |  4 Pages The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an immune system disorder that can be contracted through sexual activity as well as other types of contact. (Healthy Living, pg. 79) If left untreated this virus can turn into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the final stage of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). ( AIDS is an incurable progressive disease that causes gradual destruction of CD4 T cells by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (Diseases, pg. 431) A healthyRead MoreHiv, Or Human Immunodeficiency Virus998 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion 1 HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, attacks the human immune system and greatly weakens the body’s ability to fight foreign invaders and infection. HIV first demanded notice in the early 1980s in the United States in homosexual men displaying illnesses like Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma. The disease was soon observed in IV drug users, hemophiliacs, and blood transfusion recipients, but became publicized as a â€Å"gay disease,† nicknamed by the media as GRID, or Gay-RelatedRead MoreHuman Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv )1349 Words   |  6 Pages Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retro virus that causes AIDs by infecting the T Helper cells of the body’s immune system. The AIDS virus is the final stages of the HIV virus. HIV is a lentivirus genus, which is a subgroup of the retrovirus that causes the AIDS virus. Even with proper treatment, an infected person has a life expectancy of less than ten years.As the virus weakens t he human immune systems, this effectleaves the patient compromised and at risk to opportunistic infections

Capitalism Is The Most Influential Economic And Political...

Capitalism is the most influential economic and political system in the world today as it has had a large effect on some of the defining aspects of the world, from abolishing feudal rule as â€Å"feudal rulers were continually forced to turn for loans to their resident burghers†¦ by the way the leaders stood this was completely incompatible with feudal rule†. (Heilbroner, 1992, p. 34) And introducing an early version of economic freedom referred to as the society of perfect liberty by Adam Smith. Capitalism, however is a topic of controversy, and has had many critics in the past and will most likely have criticism in the future, debating its effects on society. In the text Twenty-First Century Capitalism, Robert Heilbroner addresses this and speaks about how capitalism serves as a guide for the actions of both the private and public sectors of life, Robert Heilbroner refers to these as the two realms of capitalism in the text, and argues that they are beneficial but at th e same time dysfunctional for society. By looking at the relationship between political and economic spheres of capitalism there are clear positive and negative effects on society, but by analysing capitalism’s ability to change, free market systems and the revolutionary changes it has brought to the workplace, it is clear to see that capitalism s effects on society have been a positive one. Capitalism has also played a role in the separation of the economic sector from the control of the state, which is key toShow MoreRelatedDurkheim s Theories Of A Capitalist Society1544 Words   |  7 Pagesthe theories may have quite dated, some parts do still reign true. 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Simplifying, this says to me that Economics is a way of explaining the world. With studies dating as far back as Aristotle’s interest in the various forms of state, how can one ever fully understand the complexities of economic thought and howRead MoreEssay about Behavior1190 Words   |  5 Pagesterm is also used in relation to plants, lower organisms and animals to describe the apparent activity of the whole organism. One particular meaning followed from the extension of the methodology of the physical and biological sciences to an influential school of psychology which described itself as behaviorism. Psychology was seen as a purely objective experimental branch of natural science and data of a mental or experimental kind were ruled out as unscientific. This had the effect of limitingRead MoreCapitalism and Freedom by Milton Friedman1252 Words   |  5 Pagescompiled for publication in 1962, Milton Friedman’s Capitalism and Freedom addresses important modern economic issues ranging from the distribution of income to the role of government in education (Friedman vii). According to The Times Literary Supplement, Capitalism and Freedom was â€Å"one of the most influential books published since the war† (TLS). In the seventh chapter of Capitalism and Freedom, Friedman addresses the role capitalism and economic freedom plays in the reduction of discrimination againstRead MoreConflict T heory926 Words   |  4 PagesConflict theories are perspectives in social science that emphasize the social, political or material inequality of a social group, that critique the broad socio-political system, or that otherwise detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservativism. Conflict theories draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast historically dominant ideologies. It is therefore a macro level analysis of society. Karl Marx is the father of the social conflictRead MoreCharles Darwin, The Most Influential Nineteenth Century Evolutionary Thinker1176 Words   |  5 PagesIn the 19th century, scientific research progressed rapidly outside the world of industry and technology (McKay 744). British scientist, Charles Darwin, was the most influential nineteenth-century evolutionary thinker. Darwin spent his early career, amassing enormous amounts of biological and geological data from his voyage to South America (Fiero 3 ). In 1859, he published his classic work, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, where he summarizes his theory of evolution with the thought

Mobile Communication and Computing

Question: Discuss about theMobile Communication and Computing. Answer: Introduction This study is aimed to review the technologies those have been utilized to develop an English Tutorial Mobile Application. On the other hand, this study also focuses on the reason of selecting these technologies while developing this app. Discussion Review of the Selected Technology and Justification of Selecting the Technology The English Tutorial App is the mobile application that would provide the platform to the students for improving their English. Therefore, in order to develop this app, several latest technologies have been used. Two types of technologies have been utilized for developing this particular app. several significant front end and the back end technologies have been utilized to develop this English Tutorial App. Front End Technologies As per the front end technologies, these technologies are simply the user interfaces which are operated by the users (Charlan and Leroux 2011). Hence, in case of this English tutorial app, the Android and the IOS operating system, PayPal, NFC and other front end technologies of a smart phone can be utilized as the front end technologies during the development of the app. The functionalities of this app can be operated with the help of 4G, 3G, 2G as well as the Wi-Fi communication technology (Nigam 2014). On the other hand, Camera and the speaker of the smart phones are very important while attending the online tutorial sessions. Near Field Communication or NFC is the short range of wireless connectivity standard that can also be used as the telecommunication technologies while operating this app (Holla and Katti 2012). With the PayPal services, the clients or the users can do their monetary transaction while operating this particular tutorial app. Back End Technologies Back End Technologies are very important in software design. Therefore, in case of the development of this particular tutorial app, the back end technologies have played the role of build block of the app (Tracy 2012). In case of the Back end or the serve end technologies, cloud storage, database as well as the servers are the major technologies which have been utilized for implementing this app. the cloud storage can provide the scope to the users for storing the digital data in logical pools and it has also become the physical storage spans for the servers of this tutorial app. It also ensures the data availability as well as accessibility (Charlan and Leroux 2011). The servers of the app also significantly accept and respond to the requests of the clients. In case of this tutorial app, the application server, cloud server and the database server are the most technologies those can effectively respond to the client request (Nigam 2014). On the other hand, as per the databases for the implementation of this app, the relational database technology such as SQLite has been utilized to implement the database for this tutorial app. Conclusion From the study discussed above, it can easily be stated that the selection of mentioned technologies have been effective as these advanced technologies have huge demand in developing mobile application. Reference List Charland, A. and Leroux, B., 2011. Mobile application development: web vs. native.Communications of the ACM,54(5), pp.49-53. Holla, S. and Katti, M.M., 2012. Android based mobile application development and its security.International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology,3(3), pp.486-490. Nigam, S., Sybase, Inc., 2014.Deploy anywhere framework for heterogeneous mobile application development. U.S. Patent 8,769,553. Tracy, K.W., 2012. Mobile Application Development Experiences on Apple s iOS and Android OS.Ieee Potentials,31(4), pp.30-34.